Mar 28, 2013

Successful Investors Understand The Business Language

Warren Buffett addressed students at the University of Nebraska at Lincoln in 2003, saying: “Accounting is the language of business, and you have to learn it like a language. You can’t be comfortable in the country if you aren’t comfortable with the language. To be successful at business, you have to understand the underlying financial values of the business.”
To be a successful investor, like Warren Buffett himself, you cannot run away from accounting. But you do not need in depth knowledge how it is produced. What you need to know is that what it does mean to you as an individual investor. Along the way in this blog, you will learn about ratio and its meaning. As for introductory to accounting, you need to understand 3 terminologies:
  1. Balance Sheet – It represents the wealth of a company. All assets, liabilities and Equities are reported in this section. Just remember the famous equation: Assets = Liabilities + Equities. Equities is where the investors’ money in. Company can use investors’ money to buy asset for business and operation. Company can owe money to their vendor, borrow money from banks.
    Balance Sheet Equation
    Balance Sheet Equation
  2. Profit & Loss – This will give a sign how healthy is a company. Sales, Revenue, income, earning versus expenses, dividends will be displayed here.
    Sample Statement Of Account - Dutch Lady Milk Industries
    Sample Statement Of Account – Dutch Lady Milk Industries
  3. Cash flow – This represents the condition of a company. This is the blood line for a company. It will capture cash transaction for operation cash flow in and out against cash in hand (cash in banks). A company can survive if had negative flow for a year or two. If the condition continued to be negative, it is a bankrupt signal.
    Cash Flow
    Cash Flow Example

Imagine yourself is a company. Every month, you will receive a pay check from your employer. What do you do with your money?
  • If 10% of your net salary allocate for saving, then, it will be parked under Balance sheet as your asset.
  • If 5% of your net salary to pay bills and utilities, this will be under your expense for Profit and Loss.
  • If you borrowed money from banks to buy house for RM100k, RM100k will be recorded under your liabilities in balance sheet. Once you fully pay the liabilities, House will be transferred to you asset in balance sheet
  • the result of your cash money in and out would be the cash flow.

Kapish?? Feel free to ask.

Mar 26, 2013

What is Stock, Share and Equity?

Before you begin your Stock Investment journey, you must understand some terms that being used. They are 3 terms that are commonly used in stock market: Stock, share and equity. What is Stock?
Stock” is a general term used to describe the ownership certificates of any company, in general, and “Shares” refers to a the ownership certificates of a particular company. So, if investors say they own stocks, they are generally referring to their overall ownership in one or more companies.
Equity” means the value of an ownership interest in something.
Technically, if someone says that they own shares – the question then becomes – shares in what company?
Bottom line, stocks, equities and shares are the same thing. The minor distinction between stocks, equities and shares is usually overlooked, and it has more to do with syntax than financial or legal accuracy.
Let’s create a simple a scenario for better understanding. I have a company – Soy Bean Sdn Bhd – that sell Soy beans and it has been doing so well. I want to expand the business globally but I don’t have enough capital or fund to do so. In order to get capital, I have to find investors to inject capital into my company. Assuming I need RM1 million in order to expand the business. I manage to find 10 investors that equally invest RM100k. these 10 investors of course do not blindly give money to me. they seal an agreement with me as the company owner to protect their money. The agreement can be in the sense of Profit sharing and Ownership. Once these 10 investors invest the money, may be they expect 50% profit from the business. Or, I cannot simply use the money unless I get a written consent from investors first.
From the above scenario:
  1. Agreement between owner and investor – Stock
  2. 10 investors seal agreement with Soy Bean Sdn Bhd . Meaning they shares ownership in Soy Bean Sdn Bhd
  3. The value of this agreement is RM1 million (10 investors x RM100k). Simpler term, Equity.
Imagine the above exercise involved 1 billion shares, Equity value of RM10 billion with 100k of investors. It gets more and more complex.
In capital market, a stock is being traded in stock exchange which is regulated and supervised by Securities Commissions. The agreement part has been simplified and computerized. You no longer receive certificates.
Sample Stock Certificate
Sample Stock Certificate

But what you will receive is a statement of No. of shares that you own from a certain company. For Malaysia, particularly, the certificates is being shown in the form of statement that  generated and sent to investors by Bursa Malaysia (as below screen shot).
CDS Statement of Account
CDS Statement of Account

Remember, by buying shares, you become part of the ownership even if only 0.001% of total equity.
We would like to remind you that there are some companies provide investment scheme but not registered and supervised under securities commission to collect money from public. These could be scam and fraud scheme. Please avoid in putting your in this kind of company. Do your background check before you put your money. You are responsible for your own investment.

Mar 22, 2013

Set Your Investment Target

Assuming you have RM50,000.00 now in your saving account or under your pillow. What will happen if you kept it that way in the next 10 years? Your money will lose its value. For simple illustration, in the 1980’s, RM1.00 can buy a decent good breakfast. Nowadays, RM1.00 can’t even buy a cup of tea.
Let’s go back to our investment topic with RM50,000. If you wanted to grow 50k into 1 million, you need a structured way. What do you need to grow your money? The answer is Compound Interest or Growth.
Using Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) formula – as illustrated below
How to interpret the above CAGR finding?
  1. If you had RM50k and you want to grow into RM1 million within 15 years, you will need an investment that can provide 22.11% return on yearly.
  2. If your investment can only give 10% return annually with time frame of 15 years with same amount initial investment RM50k, you will only get RM208k.
  3. Similarly, having the same amount RM50k and grow it into RM1 million with 10% growth rate of capital appreciation, you will need 31 years to get it.
Now, ask yourself these questions:
  • How old am I? When I want to retire? Assuming you are 40 years now, you want to retire by age of 55. It means you only have 15 years.
  • Where can I find investment that can provide return at least 22.11% annually? Is your annual growth rate target reasonable with your time frame?
    • Stock market?
    • Property?
    • Unit Trust?
    • Commodities (Gold, Silver)?
Of course, my obvious choice is stock market investment. You can play around with the CAGR calculator to fit your investment objective, time frame and return. The earlier you begin your investment journey, the better it is!!
You can download the CAGR calculator in the below link:

Mar 21, 2013

Journey to Jutawan Saham

There’s a chinese saying, a thousand miles journey begins with a single step. You have to start somewhere and I will guide you to become one. What do you need to become Jutawan Saham? Follow the simple steps:
  1. You need to have a desire to become Millionaire. If you don’t have that, nothing can help you become one
  2. Choose what sort of investment  that can help you to become Millionaire. I believe Stock Market investment is one of the way to become Jutawan since most of billionaires in the world (The World’s Billionaires) nowadays are Stock Investors like Warren Buffett – Berkshire Hathaway, Bill Gates – He owns Microsoft inc Shares, Tan Sri Syed Mokhtar Al-Bukhary – he owns DRB-HICOM (biggest automotive conglomerate in Malaysia), Pos Malaysia , Tan Sri Robert Kuok – PBB Group, Tan Sri Ananda Krishnan – Maxis, Astro, Bumi Armada,  Teh Hong Piow – Public Bank Owner. These people own shares in public listed companies. malaysian_billionaires.jpg
  3. You need to have knowledge the how-to invest in Stock Market. Invest in your knowledge first before putting your hard earn money into stock market. Or else, you have to price for your ignorance which sometimes is an expensive tuition fee. Fortunately, all the required knowledge will be available in this portal.
  4. You need Capital (Money), patience and time. The best thing about stock investment is that, you don’t need big capital. You can start as low as RM100.00 (depending what stock you want to own). Of course, time will be an important factor. People don’t get rich overnight and this is not a quick-rich scheme (Skim Cepat Kaya) but it is guarantee rich scheme if you have patience and time.
  5. And lastly, you need to open a trading account with authorized brokers in Bursa Malaysia and begin your journey becoming a Millionaire Investor.

Mar 19, 2013

An Evening in Paris

The picture will tell it all

the biggest Louis Vuitton outlet at Champs-Élysées Road
Arc de Triomphe

Me infront of The tower
The Eiffel Tower
A view of Paris from the top of Eiffel Tower 
Church of Notre Dame 

The Return

It has been quite a while that this blog has been unattended. reason being, i was busy with my works. last entries was in January 2010, 3 years...

what have i been doing within these 3 years?
- travelling to Europe, learning, reading etc.
- within the 3 years, a lot of changes happened functionally in blogspot

Most importantly, i have started to invest in stock market. Yeah, Stock Market. This is not new to my background. I am a graduate from Lehigh University in Business Finance. Somehow, due to dynamic of career demand, I have ventured myself into IT world and Finance world seems to be forgotten. What trigger to return to Finance world particularly in Investment is that:
1. World richest men they themselves are investor [be it in stock market, properties, own a company etc], they don't rely on others
2. A lot of friends been asking about my opinion on investment - u have to be an expert before you can advise someone. So, i decided to  return to my academic DNA.
3. Someone has given wrong advice on unit trust investment. I don't need Unit trust investment if I am very well verse in Stock Market.

First step to go back is to unlearn what I have learnt during my university day. things have changed with the internet era. And this is my new journey!!